The social worker is a key figure in correctional facilities because his or her job is to achieve the goals set out in the constitution. The incarceration rate in the United States is the highest in the world at 716 per 100,000 people. As a result, almost 2,298,300 prisoners are currently living in American prisons. In addition, the American Constitution stipulates that prison sentences and precautionary measures must be geared towards the social reintegration of prisoners.
Spanish politician Mercedes Gallizo said: “ Society knows that prisons cannot just be places to exclude people from society. Therefore reintegration orientation and respect for the rights of people deprived of liberty should form the basis of the prison system.
Without denying the frightening effects of imprisonment, rehabilitation is achieved by not only locking prisoners in but also receiving training to learn necessary skills. This enables them to reintegrate into society and live in it without becoming criminal again. “
Furthermore, she said, “The time has come for modern society to abandon the notion that prisons are the inevitable consequence of breaking a law and committing a criminal offense. It’s just not a sensible approach. “
Although we live in difficult times in terms of how the legal system works, we must be aware that we must adhere to the current Criminal Code as long as there are no changes in the system. In addition, we must also adhere to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), even if the punishment is imprisonment.
Social Worker: Your Objectives and Guiding Principles
If someone is deprived of their freedom, then the main aim of this measure should, contrary to the previous view, be to rehabilitate the person concerned and to prepare him for his future life in freedom. The prisoners must learn social norms and recognize the binding effect of applicable law and statutes. This should be achieved through all available educational, technical and professional means.
In order to achieve these goals, the responsible persons must observe the following principles:
- Obtaining a degree
- Treatment in prison
- Execution of a sentence in which the detainee has social roots
- Communication with the outside world and clearance permits
What is the role of a social worker in correctional facilities?
This discipline is relatively new in the penal system. The social worker is an expert who acts as a link between the detention center and the outside world. In addition, he ensures that the prisoner is not completely uprooted and acts as a mediator between him and his close social and family environment.
He is part of the treatment team:
There are other specialists in this:
- The deputy director of the treatment team
- Social integration centers
- The deputy head or the head of the medical service
- The deputy director of the social integration center
- A trainer or coordinator from the social integration center who can intervene in the proposed measures
- The head of services
Some of the key roles a social worker performs in correctional facilities:
- Preparation of reviews of permits for work or home leave, training, or other special permits.
- It also produces reports on probation and the granting of incentives through the progressive exit table. He also writes reports on the technical progress system and other internal activities.
- Furthermore, the social worker must visit companies and educational institutions and establish contact with the victims or their relatives. If the action taken so requires, the social worker must also go to the prisoner’s place of residence.
- He also has to follow up regularly and monitor the measures.
The role of the social worker in education
The dissatisfaction of society with the results of the sentences imposed by the judiciary is undisputed. It is a fact that something is going wrong. And such errors are more than obvious in some cases. Plus, the cases when the system fails are kept reading on the news.
We would therefore like to point out once again the importance and necessity of social education in prisons. Although these facilities do not appear to be a suitable training environment, the system should nonetheless offer inmates new opportunities. This is especially true for inmates who have a proactive attitude and want alternatives with which they can shape their future positively.
It is a complex and challenging task in which different positions come together hoping to find answers to the educational question.
All of this happens in spite of the tendency to evaluate every criminal act psychologically, medically or psychiatrically. But that rules out a special education-focused intervention, as neither the will to change one’s life nor the relevance of the educational relationship that brings about this change are taken into account.
The educational and recreational activities should aim to make inmates aware of their life outside the prison walls. They should also focus on creating a sense of belonging to society and engaging in activities that serve the common good. In addition, these activities can help change how inmates view their own reality.
How can political education help?
Social and political education offers many different benefits:
- Social skills
- Drug addiction prevention
- Literacy programs
- Health education
- Vocational training and practical application to facilitate reintegration into the labor market
- Political education for everyone
While promoting work in prisons is challenging, it is vital as it instills prisoners with values, skills and strengths that will help them cope with life in freedom.
In addition, they will then be able to integrate better into society. So we should realize that successful prison rehabilitation has many benefits for the rest of society as well.